Purpose of Education
Education—like democracy, free markets, freedom of the press, and “accepted human rights” — is one of these topics whose distinctive feature is taken into consideration self-evident. So is the prevalence of the industrially advanced countries in accomplishing them. Consequently, any package that arrives with this sort of magic labels on it automatically qualifies for the “inexperienced channel” at our access ports. No questions asked. This uncritical popularity has seriously crippled our dialogue of a lot of these important subjects. For instance, in training, most of our dialogue centers around literacy statistics and they want to have so many graduates, masters, Ph.D.’s, and so many experts — engineers, docs, and so forth.— in a given country based on the requirements inside the industrially advanced international locations. The important issue of curriculum, or even more fundamental issue of the cause of education typically do no longer appeal to our interest; they’ve already been decided with the aid of the “superior’ nations for us and our activity is only to comply within their footsteps to attain their level of progress.
Indeed they have got. In the “first” international, schooling has come to be an extension of the capitalist system. Its motive is to offer qualified staff for its equipment of manufacturing and keen customers for its products. Stated in a more polished shape, the motive of schooling is to offer for the monetary prosperity of a rustic. Similarly on a non-public degree nowadays the purpose of education is if you want to earn a first-rate residing.
While incomes halal dwelling and presenting for the monetary properly being of a country are virtually essential Islamic desires as well, the linking of education to monetary desires is extraordinarily unfortunate. It turns the facilities of learning into mere vocational centers of their outlook and spirit. It degrades training and through it the society.
To convey home the pivotal but forgotten function of training we want to do not forget that there’s a fundamental distinction between humans and animals. Instincts and physical needs by myself can deliver ants, bees, or herds of beasts collectively to stay in a perfectly functioning animal society. Human beings do no longer characteristic that way. They aren’t confined by nature to comply with only those methods which are important for the harmonious operation of their society. If they’re to form a possible, thriving society, they must choose to do so. What drives that preference is the sharing of common goals, beliefs, values, and outlook on existence. Without a common framework binding its members, a human society cannot live on; it’s going to crumble and be absorbed by using other societies. Further, the society needs to make certain that the not unusual floor will retain to preserve from technology to era. This is the real reason for schooling. The training device of a society produces the citizens and leaders wanted for the easy operation of that society, now and into the destiny. Its nation of health or illness interprets directly into the fitness or sickness of the society that it is supposed to serve.
Today we find many inner troubles — corruption, injustice, oppression, crippling poverty — everywhere we turn in the Muslim global. If we consider it, we may comprehend that most of these problems are guy-made. Which is another way of saying that they are largely traceable, directly or indirectly, to the schooling device that produced the folks that perpetuate the problems? The rulers who promote out to overseas powers and subjugate their humans; the bureaucrats who implement legal guidelines based on injustice; the generals who salary war against their own people; the businessmen who exploit and cheat; the newshounds who lie, sensationalize, and promote indecencies, they may be all knowledgeable people, in lots of instances “particularly” knowledgeable people. Their education was meant to put together them for the roles they are gambling in actual life. And it has, despite the fact that in a totally surprising way!
The hassle plagues all layers of society. Why are Muslim groups in the grip of so much materialism today? What should we assume when our whole schooling gadget is preaching the gospel of materialism? Why have we effectively relegated Islam to a small inconsequential quarter in our public life? Because that is exactly where our secular schooling system has placed it. Why in our conduct towards each other do we see so little display of Islamic manners and morals? Because our imported training gadget is devoid of all moral education. Why our societies are unwell? Because our education system is ill.
This is the real disaster of training. Before we were given into this mess by importing from the Colonial powers what was contemporary and popular, schooling in our societies become continually the approach of nurturing the human being. Moral schooling, tarbiya, turned into continually an inalienable a part of it. The ustaz,(teacher), turned into not just a lecturer or mere expert, but a mentor and moral manual. We remembered the hadith then, “No father has given a more present to his kids than accurate ethical training.” [Tirmidhi]. Our schooling gadget changed into informed by means of this hadith. Our Darul-rooms nevertheless hold that lifestyle however the quantity of students who skip via their gates is minuscule compared to the secular schools.
In the U.S. And Europe, the faculties were commenced by the church. Later as forces of capitalism overtook them, they molded them into their picture. Moral education was a casualty of that takeover. But capitalism and their political-economic system did want people trained to paintings below these structures. So citizenship schooling was retained as a crucial, even though diminishing, a thing of the curriculum— a faith-free subset of the ethical schooling it displaced. Whatever civility we see right here is essentially an end result of that leftover aspect. The imported versions within the Muslim countries, although, had even that issue filtered out. And the consequences are seen.
We can remedy our hassle once we understand our errors. The first motive of our schooling machine should be to provide certified citizens and leaders for the Islamic society. Tarbiya, actual Islamic moral education, ought to be an indispensable a part of it. This should be the soul of our education, no longer a ceremonial husk. All plans for enhancing our training could be definitely vain until they are based on a complete understanding of this key fact. This requires revamping our curricula, rewriting our textbooks, retraining our teachers, and figuring out that we need to do all this ourselves. We do have a wealthy history of doing it. Are we ultimately willing to turn to our very own in-residence treasures to redo education the way it ought to constantly had been?