Odisha’s famous Bhitarkanika National Park (BNP) has did not earn UNESCO World Heritage Site tag, listing of which has been published recently.
“The World Heritage Committee, meeting in Krakow considering 2 July, this afternoon (Sunday) ended the inscription of websites on UNESCO’s World Heritage List with the very last addition of three cultural sites in Brazil, Turkey, and the United Kingdom, and the approval of the extensions of Strasbourg: from Grande-île to Neustadt, a European city scene (France) and The Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau, and Bernau (Germany),” UNESCO published on its website.
The three newly-delivered websites are Aphrodisias (Turkey), The English Lake District (United Kingdon) and Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site (Brazil).
T may be cited here that the temple of Aphrodite dates from the third century BC and the city changed into constructed one century later. Similarly, the English Lake District is a mountainous vicinity, whose valleys were modeled by using glaciers within the Ice Age and sooner or later fashioned by an agro-pastoral land-use machine characterized by fields enclosed via walls. This landscape becomes significantly favored from the 18th century onwards by using the Picturesque and later Romantic movements, which celebrated it in paintings, drawings and words. It additionally stimulated an awareness of the importance of lovely landscapes and brought about early efforts to maintain them.
On the opposite hand, Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site is positioned in vital Rio de Janeiro and encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is within the former harbor location of Rio de Janeiro in which the antique stone wharf changed into constructed for the touchdown of enslaved Africans accomplishing the South American continent from 1811 onwards.
A group of experts from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) had visited the second one largest mangrove forest in India in November remaining 12 months. The humans of Odisha had been hopeful that the national park could get the World Heritage Site repute after the well-known Sun Temple of Konark.
While the IUCN had endorsed the World Heritage Committee, the committee met at Krakow, Poland to take a final call at some stage in its forty-first meet from July 2 to July 12.
About Bhitarkanika National Park
Bhitarkanika National Park is a stunning location, positioned in the Kendrapara district of the nation of Odisha. It becomes set up as a Wildlife Sanctuary within the 12 months of 1975. The total area of the Sanctuary is set 525.00 Km2. The sanctuary is the second one largest mangrove surroundings in India.
Core area (145.00 Km2) of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary turned into declared as a Bhitarkanika National Park within the yr of 1988.
Bhitarkanika is formed from two Odia words ‘Bhitar’ meaning indoors and ‘Kanika’ meaning that that’s noticeably beautiful.
The national park is surrounded with the aid of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. The park is domestic to the endangered saltwater crocodile, White crocodile, Indian python, King Cobra, Black ibis and many other species of plant life and fauna.
The Park is also a high habitat of leopard cat, fishing cat, jungle cat, hyena, wild boar, noticed deer, sambar, porcupine, dolphin, water monitor lizards etc.
There is a range of species of birds inside the national park like Kingfisher, Woodpecker, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Brahminy Ducks, Sea Gull, Hornbill, Waders, Bar Headed Geese and many others. Are different avifauna of the place.
The countrywide park is the habitat of about 215 species of birds which incorporates 8 different species of Kingfishers.
Bhitarkanika has one in all the largest populations of endangered saltwater crocodile in India and is globally precise with 10 percent of the adults exceeding 6 m length. Nearly seven hundred saltwater crocodiles inhabit the rivers and creeks. Around three,000 saltwater crocodiles had been born at some stage in 2014 annual breeding and nesting season.
As per the 2014 survey, first of its kind to be undertaken within the woodland and wetland sites of the park; 1,872 noticed deer, 1,213 numbers of wild boars have made the woodland areas their domestic. The census breakup of different mammals are monkeys – 1,522, jackals – 305, not unusual langur – 39, otter – 38, sambar deer – 17, jungle cat – eleven, fox – 10, Mongoose – 7, wolf- 7, fishing cats – 3, hyena – 1.
Mangroves are spread all over the whole 525 km vicinity of the Sanctuary along with the wet and the marshy lands. The sanctuary has 55 unique sorts of mangroves which are used as nesting floor by means of the migratory birds coming from Central Asia and Europe. Teak, Salaia, Bamboo, Hair, Babul, Ziziphus, Kauriculata, Palas are the other vast flowers of the region.
The park is of enormous geomorphologic, ecological and organic significance due to the crisscrossing creeks, rivers, estuaries, backwaters, dust residences and amassed lands and constitutes a perfect place for hiking, camping, and picnic.
The park accommodates of Mangrove Forests, meandering rivers, innumerable crisscrossed tidal inundated creeks provide remaining shelter to the already endangered saltwater crocodile that’s the flagship species.
Khola and Gupti are the two major access factors to the park. Prior permission is needed to from the Forest Check Gate to enter the countrywide park via waterways.
The astounding flora and fauna, birds and plants make Bhitarkanika one of the most extremely good National Park in India.
Bhitarkanika has a totally wealthy historical and cultural past. It was once the searching grounds of the erstwhile King of Kanika.
The Bhitarkanika Mangroves had been Zamindari forests till 1952, while the government of Odisha abolished the Zamindari gadget and positioned the Zamindari forests in the control of the State Forest Department. But subsequent 10-15 years noticed heavy inflow of outsiders and this took a heavy toll of the mangrove forests.
It was mounted as a Wildlife Sanctuary in the 12 months of 1975. Total region of the Sanctuary is ready 525.00 Km2. The sanctuary is the second largest mangrove surroundings in India.
Core vicinity (145.00 Km2) of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary turned into declared as a Bhitarkanika National Park inside the yr of 1988.
Dr. Bustard, Chief Technical Advisor to Government of India from UNDP / FAO initiated well-known Crocodile Conservation Project and additionally stated mass nesting of Olive Riddley sea turtles at the Gahirmatha coast.
The Gahirmatha (Marine) Wildlife Sanctuary, which bounds the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, become created in September 1997 and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach and an adjoining part of the Bay of Bengal.
During 2002 the Bhitarkanika mangroves having an area of 2672 Km2 been declared as a Ramsar web page is a wetland of international importance.
Bhitarkanika National Park positioned within the Kendrapara district of the nation of Odisha. The park is surrounded via the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. Gahirmatha Beach and Marine Sanctuary lies to the east and separates swamp region cover with a cover of mangroves from the Bay of Bengal.
The park is of colossal geomorphologic, ecological and organic significance because of the crisscrossing creeks, rivers, estuaries, backwaters, dust apartments and accumulated lands.
The countrywide park and flora and fauna sanctuary is inundated via a number of rivers – Brahmani, Baitarni, Dhamra, Pathsala, and others.
The vicinity is intersected with the aid of a community of creeks with Bay of Bengal on the East. The valley among the meandering creeks and rivers houses the second one largest feasible mangrove eco-device of India.
Mangroves are unfolded everywhere in the entire 525 km area of the Sanctuary inclusive of the moist and the marshy lands. The sanctuary has 55 different styles of mangroves that are used as a nesting ground by way of the migratory birds coming from Central Asia and Europe.
Bhitarkanika is one such place of wealthy, lush green vibrant eco-gadget lying in the estuarine place of Brahmani- Baitarani inside the North-Eastern corner of Kendrapara district of Odisha.
The wetland is represented by means of as many as 3 blanketed Areas, specifically The Bhitarkanika National Park, The Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and the Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary.
Bhitarkanika positioned among 86’-45” To 87’17” East longitude and 20’-17” to twenty’-47” North range in the estuary of Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra & Mahanadi river structures, has a particular appeal and a boost of nature’s maximum picturesque websites.
At the south cease of the countrywide park is the Gahirmatha Beach that is the lone mass nesting spot in Indian Ocean location and the only turtle sanctuary in Odisha. The seaside is a UNESCO listed history site.
Sundari, Thespia, Casuarinas, Teak, Salaia, Bamboo, Hair, Babul, Zizphus, Kauriculata, Palas, indigo bush and so on.
Mammals – Wild pigs, Rhesus monkeys, Chitals, Indian wild boars, Leopard cat, Common Mongoose, Small Indian civet, Indian porcupine, Indian mole rat, House Shrew, Indian Field Mouse, Jackals, Common langur, Otter, Sambar Deer, Jungle cat, fox, Mongoose, Wolf, Fishing cats, Hyena and many others.
Reptiles – Saltwater Crocodile, Indian screen lizard, Yellow screen lizard, Water display lizard, Indian garden lizard, fan throated lizard, Indian chameleon, Spotted Indian residence gecko, sand skink, Indian Python, Common vine snake, Golden tree snake, Indian crimson snake, Common Kukhi Snake, Common malicious program Snake, Banded kraits, Common Indian Kraits, Estuarine sea snakes, Green Viper, Russel’s and so on.
Birds – Kingfisher, Woodpecker, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Brahminy Ducks, Sea Gull, Hornbill, Waders, Bar Headed Geese etc.
Fishes – Illisha, Khainga, Bhekti, Kantia, Kokill, Rice-fish, Panchx, Pufferfish, Acer fish, Climbing Perch, Dwart gourami, Glassfish, Pipefishes, Mudskippers and many others.
The Hunting towers and Artificial watering holes
Medieval Hindu temples
Beaches, Islands, Brooks, Canals, and Rivers
Camping and Trekking
Kanika King Palace
Wilted Lotus Pond
Khola and Gupti are the 2 primary access points to enter Bhitarkanika National Park.
Best time to visit
The first-class time of the yr to visit the Bhitarkanika National Park is between the months of November to May.
January to May: Open all days 09:00 am to 07:00 pm
September to December: 09:00 am to 07:00 pm
Closure Period of the Park
1st May to thirty-first July for breeding & nesting of estuarine crocodile.
By Air – Nearest airport is Bhubaneswar Airport, approximately a hundred and sixty Km from the Bhitarkanika National Park. Bhubaneswar airport is nicely linked by means of Avenue community to Bhitarkanika National Park.
By Rail – Nearest railway station is Bhadrak Railway station, about 70 Km from the Bhitarkanika National Park. Bhadrak Railway station is well linked by Avenue community to Bhitarkanika National Park.
By Road – Bhitarkanika National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places through the street network. There are a government and privately operated automobiles that go to Bhitarkanika National Park at frequent durations.
There are absolutely supplied tents for lodging inside the countrywide park. The woodland rest houses and jungle lodges at Ekakula, Dangmal, and Gupti are available for hotels.