Dagstuhl Seminar End – User Software Engineering


I was reading this abstracts paper from the Dagstuhl Seminar End-User Software Engineering and it has plenty of exciting points to make.

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In the Dagstuhl Seminar report (Burnett et al) it is said that “The number of giving up customers growing software is some distance large than the quantity of professional programmers. These end users are using diverse languages and programming structures to create software in forms together with spreadsheets, dynamic web programs, and scientific simulations. This software wishes to be sufficiently reliable, however vast proof suggests that it isn’t.” This point relates to that of (Ko) (Carnegie Mellon University) who explains that the desires of cease-users may be unrelated to the production of code, but as an alternative, they’re interested in their area problem, this means they understand programming limitations as distractions. Ko explains that end-consumer programmers ought to be allowed to focus on their desires, and an important part of the solution is to visualize the whole application execution now not simply the output. A similar problem outlined via Ko is that of programs which were meant to be transient and owned via a selected individual becoming central to a corporation, this often happens with spreadsheets.

(Henry Lieberman) of MIT Media Laboratory asks “Why is it a lot harder to software a computer than virtually to use a computer application? I can not consider any correct cause why this is so; we simply show up to have a culture of arcane programming languages and mystically complicated software development strategies. We can do plenty higher.” He argues that researchers must use program transformation, and visualization to make the give up-user programming process as computerized as feasible. In order that humans can turn out to be End-User Software Engineers without their even figuring out it. This wishes to involve interdisciplinary studies to combine one of a kind research processes. (Blackwell) additionally argues the want for interdisciplinary studies at the stop-person programming hassle to identify techniques within software program engineering that can help with this problem.

(Coutaz) explains how Model Driven Engineering and Service Oriented Architecture can be combined. Coutaz also explains that “An interactive system is a graph of models related to mappings and adjustments.” This would in shape properly with the structure of RDF (Resource Description Framework) a Semantic Web standard, which is also a graph shape. Alexander Repenning of the University of Lugano explains the need for enhancements to UML (Unified Modeling Language) to aid cease-person programming. (Engels) of the University of Paderborn additionally explains that UML needs to be prolonged to allow improvement of consumer interfaces so as to assist quit-customers to software. (Repenning) also argues that “Visual programming languages the usage of drag and drop mechanisms as programming method make it absolutely impossible to create syntactic mistakes.” So “With the syntactic task being – extra or less – out of the manner we can awareness at the semantic level of quit-consumer programming.” (Rosson) of Pennsylvania State University also explains approximately introduction of a web-based totally drag and drop interface. Abraham and (Erwig) of Oregon State University integrate spreadsheet modeling into the UML modeling process. (Gerhard Fischer) of the University of Colorado explains the concept of meta-layout as aimed at creating infrastructures for collaborative design assuming future uses and troubles can’t be absolutely anticipated in the course of development of a gadget. (Dittrich) of the University of Copenhagen argues that greater research is needed into the software lifecycle and strategies and tools needed for stop-consumer builders, especially when they may be participating. These end-customers regularly need to alter antique software program for brand spanking new functions. (Costabile and Piccinno) additionally, explain that new methodologies and environments are required for helping give up-person collaborative improvement

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(De Souza) argues that the aim of human-pc interaction (HCI) will evolve from making structures smooth to use to making systems which are clean to develop. Lieberman also argues that HCI specialists have targeting ease of use and should observe ease of programming. (Begel) of Microsoft Research explains that if programming is left best to programmers in preference to permitting domain specialists to be involved the program becomes a black field and the area professional cannot trust or affirm the outcomes. He explains that textual content based totally computer languages are often too difficult to understand for stop-user programmers. Begel also explains that cease-customers may also lack an engineering mindset to shape intellectual fashions of a way to make the laptop do what they need. Segal of the Open University argues that expert engineers have a history of programming so can be prominent from other quit-person programmers as having fewer issues with coding. (Fischer) explains that it’s far the mismatches among end-customers wishes and software program support that allows new understandings. Fischer additionally argues that software program improvement can never be absolutely delegated to software experts due to the fact domain experts are the best humans that absolutely recognize the area particular responsibilities that should be executed. He additionally argues for a method to enabling stop-person programming that makes it interesting to quit-users. He explains that regularly the hassle is that stop-users locate programming boring instead of that they locate it tough. (Spahn et al) explains that cease-users of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems are area experts no longer IT professionals, and this is forcing them to communicate their desires to IT builders. Spahn et al argue for the empowerment of users to customize software via providing an abstraction layer to hide technical information and allow for focusing on commercial enterprise desires.

(Clarke) of Microsoft examines the traits of stop-consumer developers if you want to help with meeting their needs. (Fischer) hypothesizes that this emphasis on giving up-consumer development also changes the emphasis on testing “Software checking out is performed otherwise. Because domain professional developers themselves are the primary customers, whole trying out is not as vital as in the case when the builders are not the users.”

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I am a Researcher within the very last yr of my Ph.D. I specialize in making use of Semantic Web techniques. My modern research is a way of ‘User Driven Modelling/Programming’. My goal is to enable non-programmers to create software program from a person interface that lets them to version a specific hassle or situation. This entails a consumer coming into statistics visually as a tree diagram. I am trying to develop approaches of automatically translating this data into program code in a spread of computer languages. This may be very beneficial for plenty employees that have insufficient time to study programming languages.